Results from the Slovenia national report
In the first phase of the project, College of Nursing in Celje (Slovenia) has analysed legislative, professional, ethical and educational bases connected with nursing care and found out that this field is sufficiently defined and regulated. The need to respect the diversity of patients is written only in the Slovenian Nursing Care Code of Ethics: Factors, such as race, ethnicity, religion, political beliefs, social status, age, gender sexual orientation, health status, disability must not in any way affect the attitude towards the patient. Nurses and Midwives Association of Slovenia issued in 2016 the document »Importance of education and teamwork model of work in nursing teams of intensive care units in Slovenian hospitals« with the goal to ensure quality, safety, efficiency and humanity health treatment of patients.
Slovenian National Institute of Public Health published the Manual for developing cultural competences of health professionals in 2016 based on the facts that the cultural competence is a new concept in the Slovenian health system and that the need for the new knowledge is needed. We analysed also the study programmes of 5 higher education institutions in the field of nursing care in Slovenia and found out that the contents of multicultural nursing are included in a subjects from the field of sociology, communication methods and ethics. Only one faculty offers a special optional subject related to multicultural competences in health care. Literature review included the following Slovenian publications: Slovenian Nursing Review, Journal of Health Sciences and Slovenian Journal of Public Health. On the basis of the criteria specified by the project we found out that there are no articles related to multicultural nursing in the ICU. There is one professional article related to cultural competences of nurses and midwifes and one scientific article related to mentoring foreign students.
The analyse also shows that there is no special formal education for ICU nurses in Slovenia. The post can be filled by registered nurse and she/he is than introduced into work by mentor.
By the end of May, we will conduct research between nurses in the ICU. The E-questionnaire has three parts: (1) questions related to cultural competences of the participants, (2) questions related to the educational needs in the field of multicultural nursing care, (3) questions about the basic information about the participants of the research study.